According to a study published in the medical journal Circulation, eating a healthy diet significantly reduces your odds of…
- Cardio-vascular death by 35%
- Heart attack by 14%
- Stroke by 19%
The researchers looked at 31, 546 men and women aged 66.5±6.2 years of age with pre-existing conditions who were enrolled in one of two blood-pressure medication trials.
As part of these studies, the test subjects were required to complete detailed lifestyle questionnaires which included questions about:
- physical activity,
- smoking (never, current, former),
- daily alcohol intake (frequency of intake),
In addition to the questionnaire, numerous lab tests were conducted – fasting lipids & glucose, medications, physical activity, blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and hip circumference were also recorded at baseline, at 2 years, and at study end.
After five years, the researchers found that the test subjects who ate a diet similar to the Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI) approach were much healthier than those who ate the Standard American Diet.
Note – In their calculations, the researchers accounted for age, sex, location, pharmaceuticals, smoking and a whole bunch of other know confounders. This allowed them to “adjust for potential factors that could also influence heart disease risk. For example, healthier eaters may experience fewer heart problems because they also tend to smoke less or exercise more or take their medications more diligently. But even after they controlled for these behaviors, the study showed a strong link between healthy diet and heart health”.
A strong link indeed:
- A 35% reduction in risk of cardio-vascular death
- A 14% reduction in risk of heart attack
- A 19% reduction in risk of stroke
All by eating your veggies.